3.2 INTERNATIONAL S&T AFFAIRS DIRECTORATE (ISTAD)
ISTAD continued its mandate of identifying, facilitating and promoting international co-operation between India and other countries in the areas of Science & Technology. The major activities of ISTADs during the year includes following:
Indo-Australian Joint Workshop on Bioremediation:- Four CSIR scientists participated in a joint workshop on ‘bioremediation’ organized by CSIRO, Australia in Melbourne, during the year. The purpose of the workshop was to identify common interests and launch a collaborative research in this area.
As a follow up of the Bioremediation workshop in Melbourne, CSIRO officials also visited CSIR, for further discussions on possible co-operation.
Indo-Belarus S&T Co-operation:- A research project on “Synthesis of Carbon Nano-tubes and their applications in Composites and hydrogen storage” between NPL and Heat & Mass Transfer Institute (HMTI), National Academy of Sciences, Belarus has been approved by DST for support under Indo-Belarus S&T Programme of Cooperation in S&T.
A research project on “Development of novel biopesticides based on fungi/bacteria – insect pests” of NCL has been approved by DBT for support under its bilateral programme with Belarus.
Indo-China Joint workshop:- The first Joint workshop on Quality Control and Standardisation of Herbal Drugs – under the bilateral collaboration of Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR), India and National Natural Science Foundation China (NSFC) was organized at NBRI during the year. 15 experts from China and 22 from India from the area of herbal drug research and manufacturing firms including leading industries like Zandu, Ranbaxy & Vaidyanath participated in the workshop.
Indo-French JSTC:- CSIR participated in the Indo-French S&T Joint Committee held in France. Five projects were approved for funding by the Indo-French Centre for the Promotion of Advanced Research. The cooperation also had a number of exchange of scientists between India and France under the ongoing projects.
CSIR-FZJ Cooperation Science programme:- Under this programme five projects have been successfully completed. Presently 6 joint projects in the areas of Electronic Science & Engineering, Chemical Sciences (NCL and IICT), Bioactive molecules, Earth Sciences (NGRI) are under implementation. Three more projects have been approved by CSIR and are awaiting approval from Germany.
SERC, in collaboration with Central Institute for Applied Mathematics, Germany, has successfully completed a project on development of efficient methodologies and techniques for error analysis, and adaptive refinement of FEM, and implementation of these developments in a parallel computing environment.
- CSIR-Humboldt Reciprocity Award:- The nominations of German experts for the CSIR-Humboldt Reciprocity Research Award were invited from CSIR and also select non-CSIR institutions. CSIR has approved to award the first CSIR-Humboldt Reciprocity Research Award for 2004 to Professor Geerd HF Diercksen, Max Plank Institute of Astrophysics, Garching, Germany. The Alexander Von Humboldt Foundation has endorsed the decision. The Award has been exempted from income tax in India upto 2006.
- CSIR-DAAD Exchange Programme: 6 senior CSIR and 5 German scientists visited their counterpart institutions in Germany and India, respectively. Nominations of 7 scientists each from CSIR and Germany were short listed for visits under project mode. In addition four 4 scientists from both the sides were nominated for exploratory visits.
- DST-DAAD PPP Projects: Three projects are ongoing under the DST’s Project Based Exchange of Personnel Programme with DAAD.
Project supported under DBT-FzJ Cooperation: A research project on “Molecular cloning and gene expression studies of the putative members of allatostatin A and C type and of allatotropin from the non mulberry silkworms Antheraea assama and Philosamia ricini between RRL-Jorhat and University of Bayreuth, Germany has been approved by DBT for support under DBT’s Programme of Cooperation with Germany.
- NAL-RWTH Aachen Cooperation: A project entitled “Investigative Studies on Casing Treatment Techniques in Axial Flow Compressors” has been approved for support by DFG (German Research Foundation) and NAL. DFG shall give grant of Rs.18.67 lakhs to NAL in the form of equipment, 2 NAL scientists have visited Germany to work on the project.
- NAL-DLR Cooperation: A two member delegation visited Germany during the year to visit (a) DLR Research Centre in Goettingen, Braunschweig and Cologne to review the ongoing joint cooperation of NAL in the field of aeronautics and to explore possibility of cooperation in the area of aerospace structures and propulsion (b) University of Aachen to review the ongoing bilateral cooperation between NAL and University of Aachen, and (c) Facilities at M/s Thielert Aircraft Engines GmbH, Lichtenstein, Germany.
Inter Institutional Cooperation
Out of 8 ongoing projects, three have been completed. These joint projects were funded by Volkswagen Foundation with a total grant of DM 401520/-.
Special Bilateral Projects: CSMCRI has signed a collaborative project between Hohenheim University, Daimler Chrysler, Germany (DCAG), and Daimler Chrysler, India (DC India) on “Biofuels from Eroded Soils in India using Jatropha Plant” during the year. The first phase of the project is expected to complete by December 31, 2004.
Visit of CSIR delegation to Germany: A CSIR delegation visited Germany during Sep 14-20, 2003 to review the existing cooperation of CSIR with Germany, identify the gap areas, suggest measures for strengthening the cooperation further, market S&T capabilities of CSIR and set direction for future co-operation. The delegation visited the bilateral partners of CSIR and research institutions which include the German Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), University of Bonn at Bonn, Forschungzentrum, Juelich; German Research Centre for Environment and Health (GSF) at Munich and Institute of Applied Chemistry (ACA) and Technology Park “WISTA”, Adlershof, Berlin. New areas of cooperation were identified and measures were suggested to bring visibility to the programme.
CSIR labs have a number of collaborative projects with their Hungarian counterparts under the Indo-Hungarian Inter-Governmental S&T cooperation. 5 scientists from CSIR labs, 2 from NCL and one each from IIP, IICT, CSMCRI participated in the Intergovernmental Conference on ”Surface Chemistry and Catalysis on nano-particles” held in Budapest, Hungary.
Indo-Myanmar JSTC:- The third meeting of the Joint Indo-Myanmar Working Group for Scientific and Technological Cooperation was held at Yangon, Myanmar during the year. Among the activities agreed for S&T Co-operation between India & Myanmar for next three years 2003 –2006 were training, in various areas at CSIR labs. Repair and Maintenance of Instruments (CSIO), Food Technology (CFTRI), & Leather processing technology (CLRI)/
It was also proposed to hold joint workshops & projects. The area of Metrology, Food technology, Medical Biotechnology and Traditional Medicinal Research (Malaria). A PoC in S&T for 2003-2006 was also signed at the meeting.
Five Nepalese Scientists from Department of Plant Resources, Nepal visited NBRI & CIMAP, Lucknow for an exploratory visit in the area of Aromatic Plants under the PoC on S&T between the two countries. Students from Nepal Engineering College, Kathmandu undertook training Courses in Instrumentation at CSIO, Chandigarh.
Three new projects of NIO have been included under the Inter-governmental S&T cooperation with Portugal.
CSIR-ILTP (Integrated Long Term Programme of Cooperation between India and Russia) Projects
Twenty eight projects are ongoing in the areas of Engineering & Electronic Materials; Laser Science & Technology; Catalysis; Accelerators; Water Technology; Oceanology & Oceanic Resources; Engineering Sciences; Earth Sciences; Chemical Sciences, Life Sciences at various CSIR Laboratories. Out of these 5 projects in the areas of Catalysis, Engg. Sciences, Earth Sciences and Life Sciences were approved by DST for implementation under ILTP during the period of report. 11 projects in the areas of Laser, Catalysis, Water Technology, Earth Sciences and Ecology & Environment Protection have been successfully completed.
Nine Indian scientists visited Russia under the joint projects. Five Russian scientists from EDBOE, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow visiting India during October 2003 to deploy the Ocean Bottom Observatory (GEODROME) in Bay of Bengal to carry out experiments on board ORV ‘Sagar Kanya’.
Indo-Russian Sub-Working Group on Oceanology
A delegation comprising three Scientists of National Institute of Oceanology, Goa, visited Russia to attend the 5th meeting of the Indo-Russian Sub-Working Group on Oceanology and explore new areas for cooperation. The delegation visited several Russian Research Institutes in the area of oceanography.
The CSIR delegation received abstracts of five new project proposals in the area of geology, geophysics and ocean remote sensing for consideration of the working sub-group. 5 Indian and 8 Russian scientists visited the partner countries during the year.
A three member CSIR delegation visited Riyadh, Saudi Arabia to review and renew the programme of co-operation with the Saudi Arabian Standards Organization (SASO) for the period 2003-05.
A team of researchers from the Department of Science & Technology, South Africa, visited NISCAIR, New Delhi during the year to participate in collaborative workshops with the Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) Team at NISCAIR.
Indo-Thailand JSTC: The First meeting of Indo-Thailand JSTC was held at Bangkok, Thailand.The broad areas identified for cooperation under POC:- Advanced Materials; Biotechnology; Natural Rubber Products; Environment; Non-Conventional Energy Sources; Technology Transfer and Seismology & Earthquake Engineering. Two joint proposals from NCL & NAL in the area of Material were approved.
A high level delegation led by Dr. VS Stogniy, Dy Minister for Education and Science of Ukraine visited CSIR and met DG, CSIR to explore the possibility of cooperation between CSIR institutes and their Ukrainian partner institutes.
Indo-Vietnam JCS&T: An Indo-Vietnam Joint Workshop on Science, Technology and Innovation Policies was held at Hanoi, Vietnam. Two CSIR Scientists attended the workshop. The objective of the workshop was to discuss emerging issues on Science & Technology and Innovation Policies with a view to enhancing globalization and trade liberalization. In addition exchange visits from both sides were made under the ongoing projects under the intergovernmental programme.
CSIR has actively participated in Indo-EU S&T cooperation discussions to promote greater cooperation under the newly signed Indo-EU S&T Agreement. CSIR submitted two pre-proposals for discussions towards holding thematic workshops:
- Targeted drugs for HIV, Tuberculosis and malaria: cellular, molecular and biochemical studies in search of new targets and generation of novel lead molecules – CDRI, CIMAP, IICT, CCMB and IGIB
- Studies on method validation, formation, toxicity and biochemical aspects of acrylamide in traditions foods – CFTRI and ITRC
GLOBAL BIODIVERSITY INFORMATION FACILITY (GBIF)
The National Botanical Research Institute (NBRI), Lucknow has been assigned the lead role as the Indian National node of the GBIF, as an Associate Member of GBIF, NBRI will be in touch with our other bio labs and other institutions in India and will hoist biodiversity data available on the public domain on the node.
One Scientist from NCL participated in the International Centre for Science and High Technology of UNIDO, Trieste, Italy’s Expert Group Meeting on “Combinational Chemistry, Molecular Design and Promotion of related Projects”.
The Indian Institute of Chemical Biology (IICB), Calcutta has been recognized as one of the training centres of the European Graduate School of Neuro Science, University of Masstricht, the Netherlands.
CSIR-DAAD Fellowship:- 6 CSIR scientists have been awarded the Fellowship during 2004-05.
Raman Research Fellowship:- 6 Raman Research Fellows of CSIR visited the host countries. 7 CSIR scientists were awarded with Raman Research Fellowship.
CFTRI-UNU: CFTRI is an associated institute of UNU since 1976, which impart training to the foreign nationals from developing countries selected by UNU, Japan in the area of Food Science and Technology UNU meets international travel and insurance of candidates and provides financial support to CFTRI @ US $ 417 per fellowship man month to defray part of the training costs, CSIR pays fellowship stipend @ Rs.12,000/- per month per fellow. During the year 2 candidates from the University of Khartoum, Sudan have joined CFTRI for training.
CSIR-TWAS Fellowships: CSIR and the Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS), Italy have jointly instituted Postgraduate and Postdoctoral fellowship for scientists of proven ability from developing countries who wish to pursue advanced research in newly emerging areas in science and technology in the CSIR Laboratories/Institutes. The principle aim of the programme is to promote scientific capacity and excellence for sustainable development in the South. During the year 9 scientists from Nigeria, Egypt and Tanzania have joined CFTRI, CIMAP, C-MMACS, IICB, IMT and RRL, Tvm for Postgraduate Fellowship and 6 from Nigeria have joined CDRI ,CRRI, CIMAP, IICB, ITRC and NGRI under Postdoctoral Fellowship.
ISTAD’s website, WebISTAD along with an innovative software for e-clearance of deputation proposal was developed as a collaborative effort between ISTAD and NAL. The first WebISTAD Group Training workshop for the labs situated in South was organized jointly by ISTAD and NAL at Bangalore for two days. These include CLRI, RRLTrv, CFTRI, CECRI, NGRI, CCMB and IICT. In addition, NCL and NIO were also been included for formal training and necessary interaction. This group-training workshop was followed by similar training workshops in Delhi and Kolkata. With these training workshops, all CSIR labs have now been covered in the net of e-clearance. In this e-clearance module all CSIR scientists can have their deputation proposals processed through e-clearance mode.
Simultaneously with accumulated experience on e-clearance through the WebISTAD Version 1, the planning an conceptualization for the advanced Version 2.0 has already been initiated.
- During the year, ISTAD facilitated foreign deputation of nearly 713 CSIR scientists. Of these, 372 were deputed for participation in international conferences/seminars, 55 for training, 13 for Cruise, 146 under bilateral exchange programmes, 117 under Fellowships, Leaves & EOL, 4 for Business Development and 6 as experts. Partial financial assistance was approved for about 199 non-CSIR scientists for participation in international conferences/symposia/seminars of relevance to CSIR.
- Indo-German Workshop:- SERC organized a joint Indo-German Workshop on “Finite Element Analysis of Structures – FEADS ’03” to highlight the joint efforts made in the CSIR-FzJ project and to share latest advances in R&D work and applications relating to finite element analysis of structures covering error estimation, adaptive refinement and parallel processing, methodologies. A total of 35 experts participated in the event.
- CECRI conducted a seminar on ”Eco-Friendly Technology for Metal Finishing Industries Effluent Treatment” at Madurai during the year. The seminar was funded by GTZ-AEM, New Delhi
- 31 CSIR scientists and 15 German scientists visited partner countries under various programme.