Bilateral and Multilateral Cooperation

The international scientific and technological collaboration activities, both bilateral and multilateral, are pursued through the following modes:

  • Exchange of scientists, research scholars and specialists for the purpose of research, training, consultation and exchange of expertise.
  • Organization of bilateral scientific and technical seminars / workshops / conferences and courses on problems of mutual interest to both countries.
  • Joint identification of scientific and technical problems, formulation and implementation of joint research programs in select areas of science and technology. Exchange of knowledge, expertise and know-how resulting from the collaborative programs.
  • Setting up of joint ventures, joint laboratories or pilot stations.
  • Conducting joint studies.
  • Exchange of scientific and technical information and documentation.